1. If someone has collapsed and is not responding, what is the first thing you should do? a) Check for a pulse b) Call 9-1-1 or your local emergency number c) Check to see if they’re breathing d) Run away
Answer: (b) Call 9-1-1 or your local emergency number right away.
2. Who can perform CPR effectively? a) Doctors and nurses b) Paramedics c) People who have special training in CPR d) You e) Zombies f) All of the above
Answer: (f) All of the above; this means you! CPR training can help you know what to do but it’s not necessary. Even without training you can still perform CPR – and maybe save someone’s life.
3. CPR involves pushing down on the person’s body using the heel of your hand, with the other hand on top, fingers interlocked. Where do you push? a) On the person’s navel b) In the centre of the chest c) Two inches below the collar bone d) Over the top rib on the left side
Answer: (b) Push down in the centre of the chest – that is, right between the nipples. You’ll be pushing on bone.
4. How fast should you push? a) Once per second b) Twice per second c) Three times per second d) As fast as you can.
Answer: (b) Push down twice per second, or about 100 times every minute. An easy way to remember: Push to the beat of the Bee Gees’ 1977 hit “Stayin’ Alive.” (Too young? Ask your parents or check out this video from the American Heart Association.)
5. How hard should you push? a) Lightly – you don’t want to hurt the person b) Two inches down c) As hard as you can
Answer: (b) Push down two inches. That’s pushing hard – for most people that means using all your body weight to push.
6. True or false: If you do it wrong, CPR can harm or even kill a person.
Answer: False. Don’t hesitate to do CPR; you are helping, not harming. You may break the person’s rib, but that doesn’t matter if it helps them survive.
7. When you perform CPR on a person in cardiac arrest, what are you actually doing? a) Circulating blood to the organs b) Trying to restart their heart c) Killing time
Answer: (a) By compressing the heart you’re keeping the blood circulating – and moving life-giving oxygen and nutrients through the person’s body until they can get emergency medical care. In rare cases the person’s heart starts beating again during CPR, but that is not the main purpose.